The figure would seem to indicate that the presence and power of the Holy Spirit is our protection from the world and our official vestment. In the former instance it is significant of eternal life in abundance; in the latter case, it indicates the unending blessings flowing from His Person and work, the meaning made clear by the use of the term, rivers of living water. It is customary when speaking of persons to use the personal pronouns, I, thou, he, they. 2 Theological Institutes, Vol. Five of the titles of the Holy Spirit refer to some extent to Him as the author of revelation and wisdom: (10) Spirit of Wisdom (Exod 28:3; Eph 1:7); (11) Spirit of Wisdom and Understanding (Isa 11:2); (12) Spirit of Counsel and Might (Isa 11:2); (13) Spirit of Knowledge and of the Fear of the Lord (Isa 11:2); (14) Spirit of Truth (John 14:17). As πνεῦμα is neuter, it would naturally take neuter pronouns to have grammatical agreement. Of importance here is the relation of this doctrine to the deity of the Holy Spirit. Christ seems to be using wind as a type of the Spirit, even though the word spirit is used. At least seventeen of His titles indicate the divine attributes of His Person. (2) Perfection is the implication of the title, Seven Spirits (Rev 1:4; 3:1). To this end, this article will constitute another voice testifying to the fact that the study of the Persons of the Trinity is foundational to all theological truth. In this frequently quoted verse, the Persons of the Trinity are displayed in all their equality, and accorded equal honor. Knowing the Holy Spirit is essential to your life and ministry. While the statements vary, the fact of the procession is clearly stated in all as being eternal and distinguished from generation. These classes examine the presence and influence of the Holy Spirit throughout the Scriptures. It is His office as the Giver of prophetic inspiration which is most constantly spoken of in the books of Samuel and the Chronicles. On that occasion all four Gospels mention that the Holy Spirit descended upon Christ in the form of a dove (Matt 3:16; Mark 1:10; Luke 3:22; John 1:32). The ministry of the Third Person is accomplished in His own power and gives testimony to His eternal deity and glory, but it is accomplished on behalf of the Father and the Son. International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, v.s., Oil. 2.2. As Christ became an obedient Son in doing the Father’s will, so the Holy Spirit in procession became obedient to the Father and the Son. His sovereign purposes may not be understood, but it is clear that all is according to an infinite plan. The Person and Work of the Holy Spirit. Oil played an important part in the sacrifices (Lev 1-7). The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament; 3. The work of the Holy Spirit in creation and all subsequent operations involves the procession of the Spirit. The descriptive adjective holy is used to distinguish Him from other spirits, which are creatures. In any case, the instances are numerous and well scattered throughout the Old Testament. First, the Holy Spirit … Generation must be guarded from all purely anthropomorphic ideas, and proceeding must be made eternal. 1 Cor 3:13). 23 Cf. The Nicene Creed, for instance, states: “And I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and giver of life, who proceedeth from the Father and the Son, who with the Father and Son together, is worshipped and glorified.”9 The Athanasian Creed speaks of it more briefly, “The Holy Ghost is of the Father and of the Son, neither made, nor created, nor begotten, but proceeding.”10 In more recent times, the Articles of the English Church state the doctrine: “The Holy Ghost, proceeding from the Father and the Son, is of one substance, majesty, and glory, with the Father and the Son, very and eternal God.”11 The Westminster Confession of Faith has a similar statement: “In the unity of the Godhead there be three persons of one substance, power, and eternity; God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost. Accordingly, it is of great significance that this title is given the Holy Spirit. Twice in the New Testament the Holy Spirit is connected indirectly with wind (John 3:8; Acts 2:2). The place itself he never can lose, inasmuch as his Head and Representative, Christ, occupies it on his behalf. Likewise the apostolic benediction as recorded in 2 Corinthians 13:14 indicates an equality in respect to personality of the members of the Trinity. Another instance of such association is found in the apostolic benediction recorded in 2 Corinthians 13:14. The Spirit of wisdom (Eph 1:17), the Spirit of Wisdom and Understanding, the Spirit of Counsel and Might, the Spirit of Knowledge and of the Fear of the Lord (Isa 11:2) speak of the several ministries of God in teaching, guiding and strengthening the saint. For the sake of analysis, however, His Person will be considered first, with reference to His work only where necessary, leaving to later discussion the aspects of His work throughout the ages. A comparison of Scriptures often reveals an association of the Persons of the Trinity in terms which infer equality of association. 44:45. The proper statement of the doctrine is that the Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son, as the Son proceeds from the Father. He is spoken of as God and is identified with the title of Jehovah.5 The Christian who is indwelt by the Spirit is indwelt by God.6 The Holy Spirit possesses the attributes of deity, such as omniscience, omnipresence, omnipotence and eternality.7 He does works only God can do, such as creating, regenerating and sanctifying.8 He is equally associated with the other members of the Trinity.9, The work of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament differed somewhat from His work in the New Testament. If asked who the Holy Spirit is, would you say He is a ghost, a power, or a person? in time. Every aspect of the truth regarding the Holy Spirit speaks in eloquent terms of His deity. A seal by its nature indicates (1) security, (2) safety, (3) ownership, (4) authority. It may be admitted that typology is not conclusive evidence, that doctrine must not be built upon it, but this does not destroy its rich illustration of truth, nor the fact that the Scriptures themselves interpret types and use important words with evident design. Dr. 1. Yet He is also distinct from them. The possession of the Holy Spirit by the believer was not permanent in every case.10 The Spirit had a ministry of restraining sin and in the creation of the world.11, The Holy Spirit today plays a major role in the application of salvation to the individual. Myles Munroe - Duration: 44:45. An interesting reference is John 3:34, speaking of the Spirit as not being poured out “by measure” on Christ. But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who indwells you. We believe that the Holy Spirit is co-equal with God the Father and God the Son and is of the same essence. we have understanding. If it can be proved that the Holy Spirit proceeded eternally from the Father and the Son, it is evident that the Holy Spirit is of the Essence of God and is God. The Holy Spirit is more than a force—He’s a Person. The context does not indicate definitely what the “tongues like as of fire” represented. In both the Old and New Testaments, the Holy Spirit is frequently found in this type. In the New Testament, the references to the Holy Spirit are even more numerous. He is not seeking His own glory any more than the Son sought His own glory while in the period of humiliation. The use of personal pronouns in relation to the Holy Spirit in Scripture is sufficiently frequent to justify a conclusion that He is a person. (3) The deity of the Holy Spirit is conclusive evidence of personality, as sustained in the material upholding the deity of the Holy Spirit to be given in a later section. From the nature of the dove, however, it may be inferred that it speaks of beauty, gentleness, peace, and a heavenly nature. It was used in the anointing of the priests and the consecration of the tabernacle (Lev 8). The identification of God and the Holy Spirit is further illustrated by the fact that blasphemy against the Holy Spirit is declared by Christ to be unpardonable (Matt 12:31-32). This subordination without detracting from the eternal glory and divine attributes which characterized all three Persons is illustrated abundantly in the Scriptures (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7). It is used of judgment on the lost more frequently than in reference to the saved, as in Acts 2:3. The titles of the Holy Spirit as commonly translated are subject to significant classification which furnishes an interesting background for the doctrine. Accordingly Hodge states, “Since the fourth century his true divinity has never been denied by those who admit his personality.”5 In the fourth century Arius held originally according to Watson6 that the Spirit was created and hence affirmed in part His personality without affirming His deity. 12 The Constitution of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., p. 20. This was a work never repeated. Water in the form of dew may be taken to indicate the refreshing work of the Spirit in the midst of spiritual darkness (Gen 27:28; Hos 14:5). It may be concluded therefore, without further summation of the arguments, that the case for the deity of the Holy Spirit is impregnable. In connection with the sending forth of the dove from the ark by Noah, Dr. Herbert Mackenzie finds in the account an indication of the dispensational character of the ministry of the Spirit. Both titles refer to the same entity. fire, Matt 3:12). The following verse give a clear picture of the Trinity in the Bible: ), and in the books of Moses. In a different way, Isaiah experienced such a cleansing and preparation in his call to service (Isa 6:6, 7). The second outgoing of the dove is parallel to the second outgoing of the Spirit during the life of Christ. By it we are known, and by it we are clothed. We may see, then, in the work of both the Son and the Spirit, an illustration of the respective doctrines of eternal generation and procession. 11 personal characteristics of the Holy Spirit . It is the believer’s privilege ever to be in the presence of God. It is used to represent the written Word (Eph 5:26). The term God as found in the translations of the Old and New Testaments is frequently identified with the Holy Spirit. Many of the titles referred to as indicating His attributes also connote His works. The instances of reference to oil in the Old Testament outnumber those to the Holy Spirit. The Spirit of Truth (John 14:17) has a similar idea. Hence, it is possible to indicate merely the broad outlines of the argument for His deity. From the more complete discussion of His works to follow, these illustrations will be sufficient: (1) His work in creation (Gen 1:2); (2) His work in empowering (Zech 4:6); (3) His teaching ministry (John 16:13); (4) His guidance (Isa 48:16; Rom 8:14); (5) His comforting (John 14:26); (6) His prayer (Rom 8:26); (7) His work of convincing the world of sin, righteousness, and judgment (John 16:8); (8) His restraint of sin (Isa 59:19); (9) His authoritative commands (Acts 8:29; 13:2; 16:7). The Person and Gifts of the Holy Spirit is a thirty-one part course of study taught by Pastor Chuck Smith. Watson7 notes that inspiration of Scripture may be traced to God (Heb 1:1), to the Holy Spirit (2 Pet 1:21), and to the Spirit of Christ (1 Pet 1:11). The Scriptures make it clear. It is a fundamental revelation that the Holy Spirit is a Person, in the sense that the Father is a Person, and the Son is a Person. We have a revelation by the spirit right now in the name of Jesus, I thank you for this. The early creeds of the Christian church gave attention to the proper statement of it. (1) It may be noted that the Holy Spirit possesses the essential of mind or intelligence. ”a helper, succorer, aider, assistant; so of the Holy Spirit destined to take the place of Christ with the apostles.”18 It is found frequently in the New Testament (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7). This doctrine will be considered more at length in the section dealing with it. The Spirit of God dwells within Christians, directing them to follow His will in their lives. In like manner, the presence of the Holy Spirit is said to be the presence of God. The type is nowhere explained in Scripture. He is the token and pledge that all the Father has promised while not ours now as to actual enjoyment is nevertheless our possession and will be ours to enjoy later. But although he can not lose the thing itself, he can very easily lose the enjoyment of it, the experience and power of it. No human mind can improve on these distinctions, even if it be admitted that the terms are inadequate to comprehend all the truth which they represent. In 2 Samuel 23:2, 3, the Spirit of Jehovah and the God of Israel are identified. A study of the references to the Holy Spirit by various titles in Scripture will reveal some significant facts. The other approach, which is taken here, is through the explicit reference of Scripture, revealing certain attributes. The Person of the Holy Spirit; 2. Another title of the Holy Spirit, which does not involve the name spirit, however, is that of Comforter, from παράκλητος, meaning, according to Thayer, when used in its widest sense. In like manner, if His Person be accepted, we are driven inevitably to the conclusion that He is God by the work He performs. While the variations in the views of doctrine on the Person of the Holy Spirit have been many, the great body of orthodox and conservative theology has held to the personality of the Spirit, the proofs of which may be here considered. Personality, which is an attribute of His Person, is demonstrated by the actions of the Person. The person of the Holy Spirit The Holy Spirit is the third person of the Triune God. Log in Sign up. In Judges it is the in-breathing of courage or strength which is alluded to in every one of the seven passages. 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